On 16 Feb, Anthony Gray talked about civilian casualties during Massena's invasion of Portugal in 1810. If anyone is interested in reading his MA thesis on the French invasions, it can be found here: LINK
Many thanks to Anthony Gray for his talk last night on Portuguese civilian casualties during Massana's invasion of 1810-11. Two documents were mentioned during the Q&A and details are below:
Paper by Rui Moura on Massena's retreat:
Book - Raeuber, Charles, Les Renseignements La Reconnaissance et Les Transmissions Militares du Temp de Napoleon l’exemple de la Troisième invasion du Portigal 1810 (Commissāo Portuguesa de História Militar: Lisboa 1993).